"B" Quilting Terms.

By: Peter   On: 20 January 2018 


Quilting Terms Starting with (B)

Backstitch.

This form of stitching is used to secure the beginning and end of your seams. You sew 3 to 4 stitches forward and 3 to 4 stitches back at the start and end of a seam in order to secure it so that it does not come appart during the quilting process. This is always a good idea that can save you much unecessary work later.

Backing.

One of the three layers in any quilt. You have the quilt top, the batting which goes in the centre and the backing which is the bottom layer and and generally about 4 inches longer on all four sides to aid in machine quilting. The backing fabric can be a one piece full width fabric called Wideback Fabric or you can use normal quilting fabric that you sew together to acquire the desired width.

Basting.

Basting is the term used to describe long stitches that are used to hold the layers of fabric in a quilt together. This ensures that layers don't move during the quilting process. The basting does not need to be backstitched. it is usually removed (picked out) after the machine quilting is completed.

Batting. 

This is the warm fluffy layer that is placed between the backing and the front of the quilt. It gives the quilt its puffy look and feel. It mainly consists of Cotton / Polyester, Cotton, Wool, Bamboo, and Bamboo / Cotton blends. 

Betweens. 

These are needles made specifically to sew quilt layers together during the hand quilting of quilts. They can also be used to sew the binding onto the quilt.

Bias Tape. 

Precut strips of fabric that comes in various sizes. Used to bind quilts.

Bias.

If you cut your fabric alongside the salvage, you are cutting length of fabric. If you cut Perpendicular to salvage you are cutting WOF (Width of Fabric). When you cut at a 45 degree to the salvage, you are cutting on Bias. This gives you greater flexibility when sewing around corners during the binding of your quilt.

Blanket Stitch.

A simple embroidery stitch used to attach Applique to the main fabric of your quilt. Traditionally done by hand but can also be done using a sewing machine.

Bleeding.

This is seen when colours or dyes from one fabric wash out onto another fabric during a wash. This is mostly experienced during washing of vivid colours. This is why it is best to wash fabrics seperately before cutting and piecing together.

Blocking.

Sometimes fabric blocks may not be entirely square. This is therefore the process of wetting and ironing fabric to a true square block. This can also involve the use of steam.

Block.

Quilts consist of blocks. These are pieces that have been cut from a single piece of fabric or smaller pieces that have been sewn together to make up a block. These blocks are then joined together to give you the finished quilt.

Border.

A boarder consists of strips of fabric that are sewn to the outside edges to frame a quilt. These can be hatever width you choose and they can be cut from a single piece of fabric or many different pieces of fabric sewn together to make the border.